125 CE Christian

The world created by angels.

Angels rebelled against God.

God sent a savior to defeat angels.

Believers will neither age nor die.


144 CE Christian

God of Jews, the Creator, created the world.

Christ revealed an unknown God, the Father, that is higher than the Creator.

Creator is the judge -- just but also sever and harsh.

The is a Father, a God of love and redeemer.

Redemption is the free gift of the God of love.

Jewish Scriptures do not speak of or for the Father.

Christians ought to worship only the Father.

The revelation in Christ entirely displaced Judaism.

The Son of the Father was not a creature of sinful flesh.

Christ only appeared to do be a creature of flesh.

There is no resurrection of the flesh.

Paul was the only true apostle that Christ revealed his gospel.


150 CE Christian

God's covenant with the Jews no longer valid.

Christians replaced Jews as God's Chosen People.  


153 CE Christian

God foreknows all that shall be done by all men.


172 CE Christian

Reject marriage because it is of Satan.

Prohibited the eating of any sort of meat.

Renounced all worldly goods.

Dualists that regarded flesh as evil and spirit as good.

Rejected the epistles of Paul and the Acts of the Apostles. 


174 CE Christian

Christ descended upon the human Jesus at his baptism as a reward for his virtue.


177 CE Christian

Jews disinherited from the grace of God.

Jews would never have hesitated to burn their own Jewish Scriptures.

Christ with the historical person named Jesus, who was born of the virgin Mary.

Christ was born in the reign of Caesar Augustus. 

Jesus existed before he was born.

Jesus existed with God before the creation.

All things were made by Christ.

The Son is co-eternal with the Father.

Christ is the one who revealed the Father. 


185 CE Christian

In Christ the Father himself became incarnate and suffered.  

Christ, according to the flesh, was "Son," but the divine element in him was the "Father."


195 CE Christian

There is one divine nature.

The Father and the Son have this one nature in common,.

They are separate and distinct so far as their persons are concerned.

Each has a specific function.

At the same time the Father gave a distinctly subordinate place to the Son.

The Son is not eternal.

God revealed himself as the Father who created all things and gave the law to Israel. 

When God undertook the work of salvation he took the form or mode of the Son. 

When the work of the Son was completed, God took the form of the Holy Spirit.

Beliefs of the 2nd Century CE