Memes

125 (Antioch) Menandrians taught the world was created by angels, not God himself; God himself had sent a savior to help humans overcome the power of those angels; promised followers that they would neither age nor die. (Menander of Capparatea) [EEC-594]


144 (Rome) Marcionites taught the Creator of the world was a real god, but must be distinguished from the higher god, unknown except as he was revealed in Christ; the Creator is a just God, but sever and harsh; the God whom Christ revealed is a Father, a God of love; judgment is the prerogative of the Creator; redemption is the free gift of the God of love; (4) the Jewish Scriptures represent a true revelation of the Creator, but do not speak of or for the God whom alone Christians ought to worship and from whom alone salvation from the present wicked world is to be received; the revelation in Christ entirely displaced Judaism; the Son of the Father did not actually take sinful flesh but only appeared to do so; there is no resurrection of the flesh; and Paul was the only true apostle, to whom Christ committed his gospel because the other 'apostles' were false and had misled the church. (Marcion of Sinope, Pontus, Asia Minor) [ONTRUTH]


150 (Rome) God's covenant with the Jews was no longer valid and that Gentiles had replaced Jews. (Justin Martyr) [C&RJ-316]  


153 (Rome) Foreknowing all that shall be done by all men is a characteristic of God (1 Apol. 44).  (Justin Martyr) [HDCRB-354] 


172 (Mesopotamia)  Encratites reject marriage and say that it is of Satan; prohibited the eating of any sort of meat; renounced all worldly goods; many were dualists and regarded flesh as evil and spirit as good; some rejected the epistles of Paul and the Acts of the Apostles. [PANAR] [ECC-298]


174 (Rome) Theodotians taught Christ descended upon the human Jesus at his baptism as a reward for his virtue (Theodotus the shoemaker) [EEC-894]


177 (Lyon) The Jews were disinherited from the grace of God and they would never have hesitated to burn their own Jewish Scriptures. Christ with the historical person named Jesus, who was born of the virgin Mary in the reign of Caesar Augustus.  Jesus existed before he was born: he was with God before the creation, and all things were made by him.  The Son is coeternal with the Father and it is he who reveals the Father. (Irenaeus, Bishop of Lyon) [SHEC-110]


185 (Rome) Patripassians taught that in Christ the Father himself had become incarnate and suffered.  Christ, according to the flesh, was "Son," but the divine element in him was the "Father."  (Praxeas) [ANC-108]


189 (Lyons) It is possible, then, for everyone in every church, who may wish to know the truth, to contemplate the tradition of the apostles which has been made known to us throughout the whole world. And we are in a position to enumerate those who were instituted bishops by the apostles and their successors down to our own times, men who neither knew nor taught anything like what these heretics rave about. (Ireneaus) (Against Heresies 3:3:1 [A.D. 189])


190 (Asia Minor) God revealed himself as the Father who created all things and gave the law to Israel.  When God undertook the work of salvation, he ceased to reveal himself as the Father and took the form or mode of the Son.  When the work of the Son was completed, God took the form of the Holy Spirit. (Sabellius) [SHEC-112]


195 (Carthage, North Africa) There is one divine nature; the Father and the Son have this one nature in common, but they are separate and distinct so far as their persons are concerned.  Each of these has a specific function; while at the same time he gave a distinctly subordinate place to the Son, who was not eternal. (Tertullian) [SHEC-113]


200 (Alexandria) Our Instructor is the holy God Jesus, the Word, who is the guide of all humanity. (Clement of Alexandria) [HDCRB-190]


200 (Smyrna, Asia Minor) - God exists in different modes; as ingenerate, God was Father; as generate, he was Son. The divine element in Jesus was simply a mode of the one God. (Noetus) [ANC-108] [C&RJ-181]


203 (Alexandria) Christ is not the human figure described in the New Testament, he is the Logos or Reason who organizes the world; as such he was created by God the Father, and is subordinate to him.  The soul passes through a succession of stages and embodiments before entering the body; and after death it will pass through a like succession before arriving at God. (Origen) [DUR3-615]