Timelines


Before the Common Era


2.5 Million Years Ago --  First scientific evidence of activity by Homo sapiens.


2500 to 2000 -- Israel - Dolemens, Rock Structures and Drawings (click here)


7000 -- Jericho -- Walls (30 Hectares = 74 Acres) & tower built with flint tools.


6000 -- Sumer & Akkad -- Villages appear.


4000 -- Babylon -- Sumerians settle on the site of the city of Babylon. 


1250 -- Canaan - Moses arrives at east side of Jordan River.


930 -- Israel -- United Kingdom of Israel divides - Northern Kingdom (Israel) & Southern Kingdom (Judah).


721 -- Israel -- Assyrian army captures Israel and forces away leading citizens into captivity in Assyria. 


587 -- Jerusalem -- Babylonian armies destroy Temple and force leading citizens into captivity in Babylon.


539 -- Babylon -- Cyrus the Great invades Babylonia.


536 -- Babylon -- First Decree of Cyrus the Great: Rebuild Temple Jerusalem and a group of exiles can return.


519 -- Babylon -- Decree of Darius I of Persia: Resume construction of Temple in Jerusalem with additional funding.


518 -- Babylon -- Darius I orders governor of Egypt to collect the laws of Egypt and redact them to produce copy.


459 -- Babylon -- Decree of Artaxerxes I of Persia: Appoints Ezra to be his representative Judah.


458 -- Jerusalem -- Ezra arrives from Babylon with a Torah scroll, a scroll of the Persian law & funds for temple.


322 -- Greece -- Persian Empire falls to Alexander the Great of Greece


6 -- Bethlehem -- Birth of Yeshua, the Jesus of history.

Common Era


70 -- Jerusalem -- Romans destroy Second Temple. Ends the era of Second Temple Judaism.


600-670 -- Britain -- Christians gain effective control of Britain


1492 -- America -- On October 12 Columbuslands on one of the Bahamian islands, likely San Salvador.


1493 -- America -- Columbus returns to search for gold, but finds none so he sends 500 native slaves to Queen Isabella. 


1517 -- Germany -- Oct. 31 Martin Luther posts the 95 Theses in protest of the sale of indulgences. 


1520 -- Germany -- Martin Luther outlines his theology and other views in three works.


1521-- Germany -- Lutheranismformed (Diet of Worms).


1523 -- Switzerland -- Reformed Christianity (Ulrich Zwingli).


1525 -- Switzerland -- Anabaptist (Conrad Grebel & Thomas Muntzer) "rebaptism" -- rejects "infant baptism."


1534 -- England -- King Henry VIII creates the Church of England by separating from the Roman Catholic Church.


1537 -- Netherlands -- Mennonites (Menno Simons).


1560 -- Scotland -- Presbyterianism (Church of Scotland - John Knox).


1564-1660-- Britain -- The Era of Puritanism


1582 -- England -- Congregationalism (Robert Browne).


1607 -- America -- Episcopal Church established in Jamestown colony in Virginia.


1609 -- Netherlands -- The first Baptist church formed by John Smyth.


1648 -- England -- Quakerism (George Fox).


1655 -- America -- Jews win the right to settle in New Amsterdam and establish a Jewish community.


1660 -- England -- Dissenters left the Church of England and established their own Separatist congregations (Puritans).


1664 -- America -- The English conquer New Amsterdam and rename it New York.


1730 -- America -- New York Jews build their first synagogue, Shearith Israel.


1738-1784 -- Britain & America -- The "Great Awakening"


1776-1789 -- America -- Origin of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America


More Timelines


Anglican  Timeline


Atheism and Agnosticism Timeline


Timeline in American Jewish History


Timeline of Reform (Judaism) Movement



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